The chapter begins with confession in verses 1-3. The chapter is intact Nebuchadnezzar's proclamation to his whole empire of who God is, that he is the King and he reigns. He confesses the “wonders and signs” that God has performed thus revealing his divine power and finally humbling Nebuchadnezzar and putting him in his place. In stark contrast to chapter 3 where Nebuchadnezzar wanted the glory and the focus to be on himself here he purposefully and powerfully puts all the focus on God. He finally recognises what God has been showing and teaching him throughout all of the years of Daniel and his three friends service and faith recorded in chapter 1-3.
John Calvin said about Neb: “When God therefore wishes to lead us to repentance, he is compelled to repeat his blows continually, either because we are not moved when he chastises us with his hand or we seem roused for the time, and then we return again to our former torpor. He is therefore compelled to redouble his blows.”
It is worth pausing to reflect on that in our own lives. How often does God work like this to bring us to faith, making us aware of of sin, and then again more and more strongly as we are not moved or are convicted for a time but then fall back into the escapism of everyday life? How often even in our life as those who profess to love and follow Jesus does he have to discipline us similarly? Repeating his warnings, reteaching us lessons, disciplining by his hand until we finally learn and confess, repent and change. Where might God be doing that now? Where am I not fully attuned to what God has been teaching me? Where am I tuning out? Where is God by grace continuing to teach?
Thank God for his grace but in winning us for himself and in persevering with us day by day, in not giving up on his work of making us pure and blameless.